The Alps

The European Alps

Beautiful Lake Weissensee in Austrian Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Beautiful Lake Weissensee in Austrian Alps

The Alps are the youngest and highest mountain system in Europe. They stretch across the western and southern part of the continent in a broad arc.

The Alps in Switzerland http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
The Alps in Switzerland

Where are the Alps? Answer from Wikipedia:

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

The Karwendel is the largest range of the Northern Limestone Alps. http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
The Karwendel is the largest range of the Northern Limestone Alps.

The mountain range starts near the Mediterranean Seaon the border between France and Italy. Then it curves north- and eastward through northern Italy, Switzerland Liechtenstein, southern Germany, Austria and Slovenia.

Switzerland Alps Mountains - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Switzerland Alps Mountains

About 1,000 km long, the broadest section of the Alps is over 260 km wide. The highest peak, Mont Blanc, situated on the border between France, Italy and Switzerland, rises 4807 meters above sea level.

Stelvio Pass the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Stelvio Pass the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps
Peaks of the French Alps at sunset - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Peaks of the French Alps at sunset

Other famous peaks are the Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn, the Großglockner and the Zugspitze.

Ski Resort Les Deux Alps in French Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Ski Resort Les Deux Alps in French Alps

The Alps span some 200 kilometres (125 miles), at an average altitude of 1700 m (5576 ft). The snow line begins at 2,500-2,800 meters (8,200-9186 feet).

A house in the Alps. http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
A house in the Alps

There are 48 mountains which are 4,000 meters (13,120 feet) or higher and about 1,800 glaciers. The valleys of several major rivers – the Rhone, Upper Rhine, Reuss and Ticino – divide the mountain ranges.

Channel Mont Blanc Du Tacul Chamonix Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Channel Mont Blanc Du Tacul Chamonix Alps

Glaciers cover an area of 1230 km ² (3% of the Swiss territory), representing 44% of the total glaciated area in the Alps (2800 km ²).

A wooden cottage in the Julian Alps of Slovenia - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
A wooden cottage in the Julian Alps of Slovenia

Colma di Mombarone in the Italian part of the Alps. http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html

Colma di Mombarone in the Italian part of the AlpsThe largest glacier in the Alps is the Aletsch Glacier (German: Aletschgletscher) with length of about 23 km and covering more than 120 square kilometers (more than 45 square miles). It’s located in the Bernese Alps in the canton of Valais.

Amazing ladnscape of the Alps taken in Slovenia, Tolmin - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Amazing ladnscape of the Alps taken in Slovenia, Tolmin

The largest of the glaciers, the Aletsch in Switzerland, reaches a length of about 25 km. The longest glacier of the eastern Alps is the 8 km long Pasterze, at the foot of the Großglockner.

Beautiful view to Lake Lucerne Vierwaldstattersee and mountain Pilatus from Rigi Swiss Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Beautiful view to Lake Lucerne Vierwaldstattersee and mountain Pilatus from Rigi Swiss Alps

The whole mountain range is divided into three sections: The western Alps lie west of the Great St. Bernard Pass and include the highest mountains.

Julian Alps Slovenia - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Julian Alps Slovenia

The central Alps lie between the Great St. Bernard and Lake Constance, while the eastern Alps stretch east of Lake Constance into Austria, northern Italy, southern Germany and Slovenia (they are the lowest section of the mountain range).

Cable road in Alps of Mannlichen Switzerland - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Cable road in Alps of Mannlichen Switzerland

Forming a massive arc from Nice to Vienna, the Alps are also one of the largest and highest mountain ranges in the world.

Chalets in Austrian Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Chalets in Austrian Alps

Dynamic natural processes continuously reshape the landscape and are the driving force for biological diversity. Many kinds of plants grow in the various areas of the Alps.

Liechtenstein Alps, Greenery, and Tower - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Liechtenstein Alps, Greenery, and Tower

The valleys have rich, green pastures with beech and oak trees growing in the lower regions. These trees are deciduous, which means they lose their leaves each year.

Charming Liechtenstein Vaduz Downtown - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Charming Liechtenstein Vaduz Downtown

In 1786 two Frenchmen became the first to reach the top of Mt. Blanc, Europe’s highest peak. The Alps are divided by rivers and other topographic features into more than 40 subunits for which local names are commonly used.

German Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
German Alps

Well-known groups in the W Alps (from the Riviera to the Great St. Bernard Pass) include the Maritime, Ligurian, Cottian, and Graian alps, the Mont Blanc group, and Valle d’Aosta.

Gran Paradiso in the Graian Alps - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Gran Paradiso in the Graian Alps

The highest western peaks are Mont Blanc, Mont Pelvoux, Monte Viso, and the Gran Paradiso; the chief routes across this section are via the Mont Cénis Tunnel and the Great and Little St. Bernard passes.

Icy Channel Mont Blanc Du Tacul Chamonix Alps Snow - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Icy Channel Mont Blanc Du Tacul Chamonix Alps Snow

The Central Alps (between the Great St. Bernard and Brenner passes) include, in the south, the Pennine, Lepontine, Phaetian, and Ötztal alps; and, in the north, the Bernina, Glarus, Allgäu, and Bavarian alps.

Hot air balloons festival Chateau-D'oex - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Festival with the Alps
Hot air balloons festival Chateau-D'oex - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
Hot air balloons festival Chateau-D’oex

The principal peaks of the Central Alps are Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn, the Finsteraarhorn, the Jungfrau, and the Wildspitze; the chief routes are the Simplon Tunnel and the St. Gotthard, Grimsel, Furka, Splügen, Bernina, and Brenner passes.

The Alps in Switzerland - http://suitcasesandsunsets.com/the-alps.html
The Alps in Switzerland

The E Alps comprise, in the south, the Dolomites, the Carnic Alps, and the Julian Alps; and, in the north, the Hohe Tauern and Niedere Tauern; the principal eastern peak is Grossglockner. Most major routes across the E Alps follow the Brenner and Semmering passes.