Fernando de Noronha is a small speck in the Atlantic protected by environmental-preservation regulations is home to Brazil’s top three favorite beaches, as well as the world’s largest viewable concentration of spinner dolphins.
The coral reefs and shipwrecks in these waters are home to dolphins, sharks, sting rays, barracudas, sea turtles and moray eels. The highlight of a visit to Fernando do Noronha Island is a sailing trip to dolphin bay where hundreds of bottlenose dolphins appear at the same time each day to hunt for fish.
Peaks of the Southern Atlantic submarine ridge form the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Rocas Atoll off the coast of Brazil. They represent a large proportion of the island surface of the South Atlantic and their rich waters are extremely important for the breeding and feeding of tuna, shark, turtle and marine mammals.
The islands are home to the largest concentration of tropical seabirds in the Western Atlantic. Volcanic in origin, which rises from the ocean floor some 4,000m in depth, the Fernando de Noronha volcano is estimated to be between 1.8 million and 12.3 million years old.
The Beaches of Noronha are split into two sectors: the Inside Sea named Mar de Dentro, and the Outside Sea named Mar de Fora. The Inside Sea is the one en route for the shore of Brazil. It has 10 beaches and 2 bays, one of which is so special that access is limited, called the Dolphin Bay. The Outside Sea is the one en route for Africa.
This sector has 4 beaches, 1 creek, and 2 areas for meditation, and swimming pools on rocks. The Outside Sea is rough, but in some areas a tad bit tranquilized by the reefs, which grasp the waves in between the rocks. This division is filled with water spouts, which are very big areas that are full of colorful fish, similar to an enormous aquarium.